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Chimps can vary their smiles like humans

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first_imgShare Email Share on Facebook Share on Twitter A new study has revealed that chimpanzees have the same types of smiles as humans when laughing, which suggests these smile types evolved from positive expressions of ancestral apes.The new findings from the University of Portsmouth suggest that chimpanzees’ communication is more similar to humans than was previously known.The research also found that chimpanzees are able to produce these smile types silently, without being constrained by the accompanying laughing sound.center_img Pinterest LinkedIn Lead researcher, Dr Marina Davila-Ross, is from the University’s Centre for Comparative and Evolutionary Psychology. Dr Davila-Ross and colleagues study the facial expressions of primates to uncover the evolutionary origins of human laughter and smiling.She said: “Humans have the flexibility to show their smile with and without talking or laughing. This ability to flexibly use our facial expressions allows us to communicate in more explicit and versatile ways, but until now we didn’t know chimps could also flexibly produce facial expressions free from their vocalizations.”The researchers filmed 46 chimpanzees at the Chimfunshi Wildlife Orphanage and used ChimpFACS – a facial action coding system designed for chimpanzees – to measure their facial movements.Co-author on the paper, Professor Kim Bard, who designed ChimpFACS, said: “The coding system allows us to examine very subtle facial movements and compare human and chimpanzee facial expressions, based on their shared musculature.”The study investigated specific types of smiles that accompany laugh sounds and found that these smile types have the same evolutionary origin as human smiles when they are laughing. It suggests that these smile types of humans must have evolved from positive expressions of ancestral apes.The study further suggests that flexibility in facial expressions was already present in ancestral apes and emerged long before humans evolved.Dr Davila-Ross said there are still key differences between humans and our ape ancestors.She said: “Chimps only rarely display crow’s feet when laughing, but this trait is often shown by laughing humans. Then, it is called Duchenne laughter, which has a particularly positive impact on human listeners.”last_img

Six New Members Join The MACS Board Of Directors

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first_imgI-CAR CEO & President John Van Alstyne said, “What a fantastic way to support an important cause. A couple I-CAR committees worked with CREF to innovate their normal golf outing fundraisers in the face of COVID earlier this year with great success, and the same can be expected here. I-CAR committees across the U.S. are increasingly focused on supporting career technical schools as our industry seeks more qualified and capable talent.  This event will be a fun and easy way to support that goal.”  CREF Director of Development, Brandon Eckenrode noted, “We are excited about how this one event will bring together 90 I-CAR volunteer committees nationwide and through their local promotion of the event, the more support can be raised for collision schools. As collision instructors and students need the industry’s support now more than ever, we didn’t want the fact that in-person fundraisers not being possible to stop us from coming together for the future professionals of the industry.” Advertisement Ford Performance Racing School has donated two passes, a $4,000 value, that will be awarded to the virtual gofer with the best score at the end of the tournament. Tom Wolf, CREF board of trustees chair and PPG Automotive Refinish director of business development noted, “PPG is proud to continue supporting CREF’s efforts to help collision programs, students, and instructors and this is a creative way to get not only the industry, but general public supporting their local schools. While we are limited on the number of golfers that attend our annual CREF summer golf fundraiser, this virtual event allows for thousands to participate, knowing that their registration fee will be reinvested back into their local schools.” LANSDALE, Pa. – Six new members were elected to the Mobile Air Conditioning Society’s (MACS) Worldwide board of directors and were sworn in for two-year terms at the annual MACS membership meeting, held at the MACS 2015 Training Event and Trade Show in Orlando, Fla.AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisementElected from the service and repair membership are Tanya Johnson of Johnny’s Radiator Shop in Warren, Ariz., and Danny Spitznagel of Ft. Walton Radiator and Auto Air, Ft. Walton Beach, Fla.New distributor board members elected to two-year terms are Tod Ellison of MEI Corp., Atlanta, Ga., and Mark Schmitz of Global Parts Distributors, Macon, Ga.Gary Hansen of Red Dot, Seattle, Wash., and Al Leupold of Bergstrom, Rockford, Ill., were elected from the manufacturing membership.In addition to the new board members, the following new board officers also were sworn in for one-year terms: Arthur “Butch” Smith of ARA, Wylie, Texas, is past chairman; Andy Fiffick of Rad Air Car Care, Cleveland, Ohio, was elected as chairman of the board; Michael Dawson of T/CCI, Decatur, Ill., was elected as vice chairman; David Jack of DENSO Products and Services, Long Beach, Calif., was elected as treasurer; and Tanya Johnson of Johnny’s Radiator, Warren, Ariz., was elected as secretary.,To raise additional support for high school and college collision school programs, the Collision Repair Education Foundation (CREF) will be collaborating with 90 I-CAR volunteer committee groups nationwide on a winter virtual golf fundraiser, exclusively sponsored by PPG Automotive. This event will be a private tournament within TopGolf’s online game, which will be held from Friday, Nov. 20 through Sunday, Dec. 20. Golfers will be able to play an unlimited number of rounds of virtual golf during those 30 days, while viewing an in-game leaderboard to see how they are doing compared to others golfing from around the country. AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisementcenter_img The 90 I-CAR volunteer committees will be promoting this fundraiser not only to their local industry members, but also the general public as the more local virtual golfers that participate, the more funding will be raised for their local collision school programs. Also, with the event being virtual, zero golfing skill is required, and golfers can play from the comfort of their home.Advertisement Registration is now open online. Industry members not located near one of the participating I-CAR Volunteer Committees can select “CREF General Fund” when registering and their registration fee will help CREF collision school programs, instructors and students nationwide. Registrants can download the free TopGolf online game to their phone, tablet, or desktop and start practicing their virtual golf swing prior to the Nov. 20 tee-off, when registered players will be given instructions on how to access the private in-game tournament. Questions regarding the fundraiser can be directed to CREF director of development  Brandon Eckenrode. To help raise additional funds for local collision school programs, when paying their $25 registration fee online, golfers will be able to select one of the 90 participating I-CAR volunteer committees and $20 of their registration fee will be reinvested into collision schools in that specific market. last_img

New flow meter guide from Sierra

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first_imgGet instant access to must-read content today!To access hundreds of features, subscribe today! At a time when the world is forced to go digital more than ever before just to stay connected, discover the in-depth content our subscribers receive every month by subscribing to gasworld.Don’t just stay connected, stay at the forefront – join gasworld and become a subscriber to access all of our must-read content online from just $270. Subscribelast_img

Kvaerner returns to 4Q profit

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first_imgKvaerner, a Norway-based engineering and construction firm supporting oil and gas industry, returned to 4Q profit in 2015.The company’s net profit for the last quarter of 2015 was NOK 147 million, compared to a net loss of NOK 327 million in the fourth quarter of 2014. Kvaerner’s revenue was lower for the quarter at NOK 2.57 billion, down from around NOK 3.6 billion in 2014.“Through last year including the fourth quarter, Kvaerner managed to maintain a good activity level, and the productivity has developed positively in several areas. We are continuing to meet all key milestones in our project portfolio, and we were proud to contribute to first oil on the new Edvard Grieg platform in late November,” says Jan Arve Haugan, President & CEO of Kvaerner.The company expects 2016 to be a challenging year „with only some few project opportunities expected, most of a moderate size.““Last year, we were awarded almost 90 percent of the contract values for platform substructures to Johan Sverdrup. In a competitive joint venture with KBR, we were awarded one of the largest topside contracts in the market last year, for the Utility & Living Quarter platform at Johan Sverdrup. For 2016, we see some few opportunities for new contracts of moderate size. Simultaneously, we see that the timing of key decisions is uncertain. This makes it difficult to predict the activity level in 2017, but our order backlog provides a good starting point for our operations in the current year and the next,” says Haugan.In a statement on Tuesday, Kvaerner said that in 2015 the company laid off 121 permanent workers. For 2015 and 2016 combined, Kvaerner expects that total reductions in number of employees will be within the interval of 250 to 500 employees already communicated in 2015.Also, the company’s Board of Directors has proposed no dividend distribution during the first half of 2016.“A strong balance sheet and cash position is important to maintain the resilience through a challenging cycle. Retaining the solid financial platform may also provide additional opportunities which Kvaerner can leverage in the market,” Kvaerner said.Offshore Energy Today Stafflast_img

Modern methods and the law

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first_imgTo continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Subscribe now for unlimited access Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our communitylast_img

Van der Vlist awarded AEO status

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first_imgThe AEO scheme recognises integrity, security and thorough practices of those operating in the international supply chain. Therefore, Customs proceedings at the Moerdijk terminal will become quicker and more efficient as it is officially recognised and trusted by border authorities, says Van der Vlist. Nico Van der Vlist, md, commented: "I am very proud of our operations at terminal Moerdijk, and the accreditation is further proof that the way we operate is the right way, putting quality and integrity at the centre of what we do on a daily basis."The Van der Vlist Moerdijk team receiving its award www.vandervlist.comlast_img

‘America’s toughest sheriff’ facing contempt of court charge

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first_img Published: October 11, 2016 3:50 PM EDT Do you see a typo or an error? Let us know. SHARE ‘America’s toughest sheriff’ facing contempt of court charge PHOENIX (AP) – Prosecutors said Tuesday they will charge Sheriff Joe Arpaio with criminal contempt-of-court for defying a judge’s orders to end his signature immigration patrols in Arizona, exposing the 84-year-old lawman to the possibility of jail time.The announcement in federal court sets in motion criminal proceedings against the sheriff less than a month before Election Day as he seeks a seventh term as Maricopa County sheriff. The 2016 election cycle has also seen Arpaio take a prominent role on the national stage, appearing alongside Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump on several occasions.A judge previously recommended criminal contempt charges against Arpaio but left it up to federal prosecutors to actually bring the case. Prosecutor John Keller said in court that the government will bring charges, with the next step being a court filing possibly in the next day that’s akin to a criminal complaint.Arpaio could face up to six months in jail if convicted of misdemeanor contempt.Arpaio lawyer Mel McDonald said the sheriff will not be arrested and no mugshot will be taken. He will plead not guilty by court filing and hopes to prevail before a jury.“We believe the sheriff, being an elected official, should be judged by his peers,” McDonald said.The move is yet another key defeat for the sheriff who became a national political figure over the past decade by aggressively carrying out immigration patrols and attention-getting endeavors such as making prisoners wear pink underwear.Following complaints by Latino drivers about racial profiling, a judge demanded that Arpaio stop the enforcement efforts. He was later found to have violated the order, causing it to morph into a contempt of court case.Arpaio has acknowledged violating the order to stop the immigration patrols but insists his disobedience wasn’t intentional.County taxpayers have shelled out $48 million so far in the profiling case, and the costs are expected to reach $72 million by next summer.last_img

DSB selects Siemens to supply electric locomotives

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first_imgDENMARK: National passenger operators DSB has selected Siemens for a contract to supply 26 electric locomotives for entry into service from 2021, with an option for a further 18. Siemens will have overall responsibility for maintenance for 10 years, and an option for further five years. The decision announced on March 13 is subject to formal government approval.DSB said Siemens’ Vectron family met its requirement for a ‘standard’ and proven design of 200 km/h locomotive suitable for operation under Denmark’s 25 kV 50 Hz electrification as well as 15 kV 16·7 Hz in Germany and Sweden. The tender launched in 2016 requires the locomotives to be supplied with type approval for use in Denmark and Germany, to be suitable for hauling the double-deck coaches used on regional passenger services on Sjaelland, and to be equipped for existing as well as future signalling systems including ETCS.‘The acquisition of new locomotives is an important step towards renewing DSB's aging fleet’, said DSB Chief Executive Flemming Jensen, adding that the Vectrons would offer better performance and greater efficiency than the ME diesel and EA electric locomotives which they will replace. Jensen said responsibility for the quality and reliability of the locomotives would be ‘unambiguous with Siemens’, although as part of the agreement Siemens must use DSB staff and facilities for inspection and maintenance.last_img

Ion Maiden becomes Ion Fury, launches 15th August on PC with a Big Box Edition

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first_imgThe Ion Fury Big Box edition includes a Bowling lBomb-shaped USB Drive, a poster, a keycard based on the ones Shelly finds in-game, a making-of booklet, a lanyard, and of course Ion Fury priced at $59.99 (~£48.45). The Digital Only edition of Ion Fury is available now on Steam Early Access priced at £19.49. You can read our Ion Fury preview or check out the official website for more information on the game. Credit: Voidpoint / 3D Realms Credit: Voidpoint / 3D Realms Credit: Voidpoint / 3D Realms Credit: Voidpoint / 3D Realms Credit: Voidpoint / 3D Realms Credit: Voidpoint / 3D Realmscenter_img Credit: Voidpoint / 3D Realms Credit: Voidpoint / 3D Realms Ion Maiden, the old-school first-person shooter developed by Voidpoint and published by 3D Realms and 1C Entertainment, will release under a new title to avoid legal issues with a certain popular heavy metal band. Ion Fury will shoot its way out of Early Access with v1.0 bursting onto PC on 15th August.To celebrate this news Big Box-style physical copies for PC are now available for pre-order. Ion Fury is also heading to Nintendo Switch, PS4 and Xbox One at a later date. Watch Ion Fury’s PC release date trailer below:Shelly “Bombshell” Harrison finally has a deadly date on her calendar with Dr. Jadus Heskel and his army of cyber-cultists. With signature weapons including her Loverboy revolver and Bowling Bombs, every cyborg she sees is about four seconds away from being nothing but gibs n’ gore.Lovingly crafted in Build engine which powered ‘90s classics such as Duke Nukem 3D, Blood and Shadow Warrior, Ion Fury fuses nostalgic looks with today’s technology to create the ultimate shooter. Modern features like auto-saves, improved physics and map interactivity, headshots, widescreen functionality and controller support, simply weren’t possible back then, but Ion Fury brings the best of both worlds.View some Ion Fury screenshots in our gallery: Credit: Voidpoint / 3D Realms Credit: Voidpoint / 3D Realmslast_img

High Strung: Free Dance review

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first_imgStruggling dancer Barlow (Juliet Doherty) spends her days working as a telemarketer and auditioning for Broadway shows. After receiving plenty of knock-backs, Barlow attends an audition for revered choreographer Zander Raines (Thomas Doherty), hopeful that it will give her the big break she’s looking for. The audition doesn’t go well but Barlow’s confidence forces Zander to give her a second chance and he casts her in the show. As they begin rehearsals, a chance encounter brings Charlie (Harry Jarvis), a talented pianist and struggling musician, into their lives who falls for Barlow and becomes involved with Zander’s show too.High Strung: Free Dance is the sequel to 2016’s High Strung and it features a mostly different cast of characters. Jane Seymour reprises her supporting role as Oksana, but the film focuses on her daughter Barlow, with whom she has a strained relationship. If you’ve seen any other dance movies over the last few years (even going as far back as Save the Last Dance in 2001), you’ll know exactly what to expect from High Strung: Free Dance. It ticks off all of the clichés you’d expect for a film about two struggling artists and requires you to ignore some of the giant leaps it makes to get its characters to their end point.Credit: Jo BeeWhat you have to remember with this film is that it’s aimed at a teenage audience, who are very unlikely to notice the same things we older folk will. For example Barlow is struggling to get by but the New York apartment she lives in is pretty impressive and much bigger than she’d be able to afford. Plot points are resolved with ease leaving you to question just how much either Barlow or Harry are actually struggling. It paints a pretty unrealistic portrayal of what being a struggling dancer in New York is actually like but do you know what? That doesn’t really matter. There’s an obvious love triangle that plays out too to create some tension between the characters.What High Strung: Free Dance does is deliver a feel-good near 2-hours of entertainment where you can let yourself go and just enjoy the ride. Sure there’s plenty of issues and the supporting characters are two-dimensional but the performances of the three leads are very strong. Juliet Doherty is a sympathetic lead while British actor Harry Jarvis continues to prove that he has serious leading man potential. Thomas Doherty is very good too as the demanding and fickle Zander bring a much-needed villain to the film.The film also features some incredible dancing. The choreography from Tyce Diorio (So You Think You Can Dance) is breath-taking at times and the original music leaves a lasting impression too. It’s the dance set pieces that you really want to see from this film and they more than deliver the goods.Credit: Jo BeeI’m sure some outlets will do everything they can to knock this film but I’m happy to go against the grain. Is it the best film I’ve ever seen? No it’s not. Is it going to sweep the Oscars in 2020? Definitely not. But the film has heart, charm, fantastic dancing and great performances. It’s the kind of film I’d have happily watched with my family as a kid and it’s a perfect excuse to switch off from the real world and enjoy a bit of escapism.Cast: Juliet Doherty, Thomas Doherty, Harry Jarvis, Ace Bhatti, Jane Seymour Director: Michael Damian Writers: Janeen Damian, Michael Damian Certificate: PG Duration: 103 mins Released by: GVN Releasing Release date: 11th October 2019 (US)last_img