Scientists at The University of Texas at Austin can now map what happens neurologically when new information influences a person to change his or her mind, a finding that offers more insight into the mechanics of learning.The study, which was published Nov. 1 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, examined how dynamic shifts in a person’s knowledge are updated in the brain and impact decision making.“At a fundamental level, it is difficult to measure what someone knows,” said co-author and psychology associate professor Alison Preston. “In our new paper, we employ brain decoding techniques that allow us deeper insight into the knowledge people have available to make decisions. We were able to measure when a person’s knowledge changes to reflect new goals or opinions.” LinkedIn Pinterest Share on Twitter Email Share on Facebook Share The process, researchers said, involves two components of the brain working together to update and “bias” conceptual knowledge with new information to form new ideas.“How we reconcile that new information with our prior knowledge is the essence of learning. And, understanding how that process happens in the brain is the key to solving the puzzle of why learning sometimes fails and how to put learning back on track,” said the study’s lead author Michael Mack, who was a postdoctoral researcher in the Center for Learning & Memory.In the study, researchers monitored neural activity while participants learned to classify a group of images in two different ways. First participants had to learn how to conceptualize the group of images, or determine how the images were similar to each other based on similar features. Once they grouped the images, participants were then asked to switch their attention to other features within the images and group them based on these similarities instead.“By holding the stimuli constant and varying which features should be attended to across tasks, the features that were once relevant become irrelevant, and the items that were once conceptually similar may become very different,” said Preston, who holds a joint faculty appointment in neuroscience.For example, the researchers report that many Americans may have chosen their preferred presidential candidate many months ago based on political platforms or core issues. But as the election cycle continued, voters were presented with new information, influencing some to change their perspectives on the candidates and, potentially, their votes.This requires rapid updating of conceptual representations, a process that occurs in the hippocampi (HPC)–two seahorse-shaped areas near the center of the brain responsible for recording experiences, or episodic memory–researchers said. It’s also one of the first areas to suffer damage in Alzheimer’s disease.According to the study, the prefrontal cortex (PFC) — the front part of the brain that orchestrates thoughts and actions — tunes selective attention to relevant features and compares that information with the existing conceptual knowledge in the HPC, updating the organization of items based on the new relevant features, researchers said.“Looking forward, our findings place HPC as a central component of cognition — it is the brain’s code builder. I think these findings will motivate future research to consider the more general-purpose function of the hippocampus,” said Mack, who is now an assistant professor of psychology at the University of Toronto. “For example, understanding how we dynamically update conceptual knowledge may be essential to understanding how biases and prejudices are coded into our views of other people.”These findings add to the growing, though limited, body of literature on the function of the HPC beyond episodic memory by providing direct evidence of its role, in concert with the PFC, in building conceptual knowledge.“With an understanding of the mechanics of learning, we can develop educational practices and training protocols that optimally engage the brain’s learning circuits to build lasting knowledge,” Mack said.
AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisementWheel Group Holdings LLC (TWG), a global aftermarket wheel, tire and automotive accessory supplier, has announced several changes to its leadership team. The company said these changes in leadership are part of a strategic plan to continue the growth and advancement of the company as a valued industry leader.Philip “Billy” Young will retire as CEO of TWG. Young founded the company nearly 20 years ago and built the company into what it is today. With a diverse sourcing background and unsurpassed understanding of Asian manufacturing and supply, it became Young’s vision to create a truly global company that would deliver high-quality products with a just-in-time distribution model worldwide. Young will remain with the organization and serve as chairman on its Board of Directors.David Williams has been named as CEO. Williams has been with TWG for 17 years and most recently served as president of the organization. His background in sales, strategy and planning along with regional wholesale distribution gives Williams a solid foundation in all areas of the business. Williams will be instrumental to the growth and development of the company and as it increases market share and its brand portfolio.AdvertisementPaul Yang has been promoted to the role of chief operating officer. He has been with TWG for 14 years, most recently in the role of executive vice president. Yang has led the finance and operations areas of the company for more than a decade and will expand his role to include emerging technologies as they apply to streamlined efficiencies throughout all operational aspects of the organization.,Lubrication Specialties Inc. (LSI), manufacturer of Hot Shot’s Secret brand of performance additives and oils, recently announced the expansion of senior leadership. Steve deMoulpied joins LSI as the company’s chief operating officer (COO). AdvertisementClick Here to Read MoreAdvertisement LSI President Brett Tennar says, “Steve’s success in developing operational strategies that improves the bottom line, builds teamwork, reduces waste and ensures quality product development and distribution checks many of the boxes of what we were looking for in a COO. This, coupled with his career in the Air Force working with highly technical systems and his in-depth understanding of Lean Six Sigma and Business Process Management sealed our offer. As our tagline states, our products are Powered by Science. This data driven approach is one reason why our company has grown exponentially as we employ the most advanced technology to product development. I am confident that Steve is the right person to drive operational strategy for our diverse and growing brands.” Advertisement DeMoulpied comes to LSI from the Private Client Services practice of Ernst & Young where he managed strategy & operations improvement engagements for privately held client businesses. Some of his prior roles include VP of strategic development, director of strategic initiatives, and Lean Six Sigma Master Black Belt at OptumHealth, UnitedHealth Group’s health services business, as well as Lean Six Sigma Black Belt at General Electric, where he applied operations improvement principles to customer service, supply chain and product development. A successful entrepreneur, deMoulpied is also the founder of PrestoFresh, a Cleveland-based e-commerce food/grocery business. DeMoulpied has a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering Management from the United States Air Force Academy and a Master of Business Administration degree from the University of Dayton in Marketing and International Business. He served six years with the USAF overseeing the development of technology used on fighter aircraft and the E-3 Surveillance aircraft, finishing his career honorably as Captain. With more than 20 years of experience across multiple industries and functional areas, deMoulpied has particular expertise in organizations with complex technical products. Combined, his prior positions have required a spectrum of skills in corporate strategy, operations improvement, product quality, and revenue cycle management. He has an impressive history of utilizing data driven problem solving (Lean Six Sigma) and project management (PMP and CSM) to achieve strategic goals surrounding customer satisfaction, operational efficiency and improved profit.
Nordana Sea is an ecobox-design vessel, which Ferus Smit says is characterised by its flexibility of loading, combined with very economical and ecological performance.With an overall length of 122.5 m, the 10,500 dwt ship features a large box-shaped hold, as well as a large loading floor area with a moveable tweendeck for project cargoes, and two 85-tonne capacity cranes. HLPFI reported in June 2015 that the second vessel, Nordana Star, was being launched in Leer in July 2015; while the first ship - Nordana Sky - was launched in February 2015.The final three vessels - Nordana Sun, Nordana Spirit and Nordana Space - are scheduled for delivery in July 2016, October 2017 and June 2018 respectively, according to Symphony Shipping. Cranes being installed on board Nordana Sea at the Ferus Smit shipyard in Leer. www.ferus-smit.nlwww.nordana.comwww.symphonyshipping.com
Operating on behalf of customers in the automotive, aerospace, computer and hi-tech electronics sectors, the charters are designed to prevent production lines from stopping and to provide urgent stock replenishment amid the Covid-19 outbreak.Ceva has already completed more than 58 flights, with 28 more scheduled in the coming weeks.The majority of eastbound flights originated in Shanghai or Hong Kong and were destined for Chicago in the USA.www.cevalogistics.com
Infected Bite“There are some simple steps we can take to reduce the risk of developing Lyme disease from an infected tick. You should wear long trousers tucked into socks and long sleeves when you are in heavy undergrowth and use insect repellents like DEET or Permethrin. If you are planning to spend lots of time outdoors in risky areas you can get clothing that has been treated with Permethrin. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedIn So the message is clear – enjoy the outdoors but take sensible precautions unless you want to have something unpleasant in common with Avril, Ben, Richard and Yolanda. “If you can’t cover up then please remember to check your body and clothing for ticks whenever you leave a risky area. Before they bite ticks can easily be brushed off but once they attach themselves they must be removed using special tick removers, thread loops or fine pointed tweezers.” Public Health Specialty Registrar Andrew Rideout has some good advice for anyone taking to the great outdoors and who might encounter ticks on their travels. He said: “With the good weather we’ve been having now is a great time to enjoy the fantastic outdoor opportunities that Dumfries and Galloway is famous for. What do Richard Gere, Avril Levigne, Ben Stiller and Yolanda Foster have in common? As well as talent, fame and wealth these unfortunate celebrities are just some of the high profile people who suffer from Lyme disease. “There are so many reasons to go outside from adrenaline sports like mountain biking and kayaking to more sedate pastimes like fishing or photography. Regular outdoor exercise is great for our physical and mental health but it is important to take care in the countryside. Lyme disease is caused by a bacteria carried by some ticks which they can pass on to humans and animals when they deliver a painless bite. Ticks are tiny pinhead size creatures from the spider family that live in grass and bushes.Once they latch on to a human or animal they feed on blood for several days, swelling to the size of a pea before dropping off to complete their life cycle. Early signs of infection can include a spreading red rash and feeling generally unwell with flu-like symptoms.At this stage a course of antibiotics can stop the infection getting any worse. So if you have a tick attached, particularly if it has been there for more than 24 hours, and you develop a rash around the bite, feel feverish and weak or if you develop flu like symptoms you should see a GP or visit the Emergency Department as soon as possible to start treatment.
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedInPharmacists empowered to help more patients during COVID-19 outbreak. Community pharmacists are to perform an enhanced role during the Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak.Pharmacists will be able to support more patients, reducing the pressure on other parts of NHS Scotland through the extension of the Minor Ailment Service.The Scottish Government has also accelerated plans to expand access to Emergency Care Summary (ECS) data, which mainly contains medication information, to pharmacists.Health Boards have been asked to provide access to this information to pharmacists and pharmacy technicians working in communities.More than a thousand community pharmacies provide a range of NHS Pharmaceutical Care services on behalf of the NHS in Scotland.Health Secretary Jeane Freeman said:“The vital work of community pharmacies up and down the country is key in ensuring that we continue to reduce the burden across the NHS, and patients continue to get the necessary medicines they need to stay healthy.“Many people visit a community pharmacy every day, with these numbers increasing in the current COVID-19 outbreak.“This makes them the most accessible healthcare professionals on the front line of community health services, and a valuable resource to NHS Scotland.“Strengthening the role of pharmacists, and easing some of the pressure from frontline NHS services, is therefore an important step in our wide ranging response to the current crisis.”
Share Share Sharing is caring! 119 Views 11 comments Roseau, Dominica – Friday January 17, 2014 – Hon. Roosevelt Skerrit, Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs has called on Dominicans at home and abroad to condemn statements made by Thompson Fontaine, an election candidate for the opposition United Workers Party. Fontaine told a gathering of Dominicans in the United States, “We went to a village and they said, “The only thing that we want from you guys is guns; we are about to kill some people now that is how bad our lives are we don’t care again, we have nothing to live for, we are about to shoot the Haitians, the Chinese, we will even shoot all you self because we just tired.” That’s the kind of reactions that we get from our young people. “However, Prime Minister Skerrit said that the statements made by Fontaine shows that he and the rest of the UWP are unfit for any leadership position in Dominica. The Prime Minister clearly indicated that the image of Dominica presented by Dr Fontaine is not a true depiction of what is happening in Dominica.“How could you want to be leader of the country and promoting this falsehood about our country? You hear them preaching violence. We have to respect people! Not everyone can support me and I respect that, but I am not going to tell anyone to kill you because you don’t support me. It is because these people are preaching a sermon of hate, of violence that a man could ask you for guns to kill somebody.”This is not the first time the UWP has made statements that are detrimental to the wellbeing of Dominica and/or Dominicans. Recently Lennox Linton political Leader of the UWP described elderly beneficiaries of the ‘Yes We Care’ programme as “greedy and not needy”.By: Daryl V TitrePress Attaché Share Tweet LocalNews Thompson Fontaine Unfit for Any Leadership Role in Dominica by: - January 17, 2014
Vince McKee Press Release per Gary L Moody Jr of The International Soccer NetworkU.S. Soccer has announced the hiring of Internationals SC Director of Coaching Keri Sarver to a full-time position as the head coach for the U.S. Under-19 Women’s National Team. She will begin her official role on August 1st.“I cannot begin to express how honored and excited I am to begin this new journey with the U.S. Soccer Federation,” Sarver commented. “I look forward to working with highly talented and motivated players and to work alongside the other Youth National Team age-group coaches. I will work tirelessly to make a positive impact with the U-19s and U-20s and in support of all of our National Teams.”She joins U.S. Soccer after serving for the past seven years as Director of Coaching at the Internationals Soccer Club in Ohio, the club where she played as a youth player and in the USL W-League. She also coached with the Internationals on a part-time basis between 2003-2010 before becoming the DOC there and was an assistant coach at the University of Akron.“My passion for the game and love for coaching was nurtured and developed right here in Northeast Ohio,” Sarver continued. “Through the Internationals Soccer Club and our amazing club culture, I have been able to grow and develop as a player, a coach, a leader and as a person. I am so thankful for the support I have received from our local soccer community.”Sarver has worked extensively as an assistant coach for the USA’s age-group National Teams, mostly as the first assistant with the U-18s over the past four years.“Keri’s work with the U-18s has made her the perfect choice to move into a head coaching role with our U-19s and serve as the full-time assistant coach to the U-20s,” U.S. Women’s Youth National Teams Director April Heinrichs said. “She has tremendous experience as a former professional player, former college coach, and current club coach. From these experiences, she understands that development of players starts at the club and individual level, and she’s well prepared to work with individuals and teams at the international level.”Sarver was a member of the U.S. Women’s National Team pool during her playing days. She was as All-American at the University of Maryland, scoring 61 goals for the Terrapins, and played professionally in the WUSA with the Washington Freedom, New York Power, and Carolina Courage. She also played for the U.S. Youth National Teams from the U-16 through U-21 levels.“In my personal opinion, the U.S. Soccer Federation is making one of the best appointments by hiring Keri to help lead our nation on a journey to excellence,” Internationals SC President and Founder Zdravko Popovic concluded. “It is a happy day and I could not be more proud and excited for Keri and the Internationals Soccer family. With Keri’s leadership, work ethic, unparalleled passion, love, and knowledge to take the game to the next level, it is the latest and most rewarding, happy news I can share. Please join me in congratulating her and celebrating this challenging and wonderful opportunity ahead of her.”Photos Courtesy ISNSoccer.com and Keri Sarver Related Topics@iscgirlsSoccer
IN FIVE EASY PIECES WITH TAKE 5 SAPPORO – Akira Higashi recorded the day’s best jump of 139 meters on his second try to win the UHB Cup for the first time in two years and the third time overall on Saturday. Higashi collected 275.4 points for his jumps of 126.5 and 139 meters on the K-120 Okurayama hill in Hokkaido, while Daito Takahashi was second with 236.7 points for leaps of 128 and 116 meters. Noriaki Kasai, who placed second in a World Cup ski jumping event last weekend for Japan’s highest finish on the circuit this season, finished third with 235.5 points behind jumps of 121.5 and 121 meters. GET THE BEST OF THE JAPAN TIMES
The Director of Rugby told Bristol Rugby TV he was delighted with the attacking variety in the 51-17 victory.Subscribe to Bristol Rugby TV by clicking here.