Construction on a section of Indonesia’s Trans-Papua highway was suspended after at least 17 people were killed; conflicting reports state the victims were either contract laborers or Indonesian soldiers.In a recent paper, researchers warned the highway threatens to increase social conflict in Indonesia’s restive Papua region, while also degrading New Guinea Island’s ecosystems and the health of its residents.The Indonesian government bills the project as a lifeline of economic development for an impoverished region, but many indigenous Papuans see the project as a means to facilitate troop movements and resource exploitation. Violence in Indonesia’s easternmost region of Papua has stalled a massive infrastructure project that researchers have separately warned may threaten the island’s ecological health and the livelihood of its residents.At least 17 construction people were killed on a stretch of the Trans-Papua highway in Nduga district on Dec. 2, with conflicting reports stating the victims were either civilian works or members of the Indonesian military. The attack, claimed by the National Liberation Army of West Papua (TPNBP), followed the anniversary of West Papua’s declaration of independence, which was submitted — and rejected — on Dec. 1, 1961.The Trans-Papua highway is the latest major development project by the Indonesian government to come under scrutiny in the country’s half of the island of New Guinea. While the government bills the ambitious road as a lifeline of economic development for a long impoverished region, many native Papuans see it as a means to more quickly move troops around to quash uprisings while opening the island for resource exploitation.Three major hotspots of deforestation (in circled areas) are expected if the Trans-Papuan Highway is constructed. Image courtesy of William Laurance.Regardless of the motivation for the highway network, its creation will almost certainly accelerate degradation of Papua’s forests and increase social conflicts, say researchers from James Cook University in Australia in a report published earlier this month.“We’ve assessed big development projects around the world, and this is one of the most worrying in terms of its overall social, economic and environmental costs,” said William Laurance, a distinguished research professor at James Cook University and one of the paper’s authors.“In addition to all the environmental damage, the Trans-Papuan Highway doesn’t make economic sense … The roads would be extremely expensive to build and maintain because they’d have to traverse some of the steepest and most difficult terrain imaginable.”No passage exists through much of the corridor planned for the highway, and researchers warn that opening up access to these areas will result in increased deforestation, increased conflicts over competing land claims, and increased development of mining concessions, in particular those located inside Lorentz National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.The park is the largest protected area in Southeast Asia, and the only one in the world that spans a continuous range of ecosystems between high-alpine glaciers and a tropical marine environment. One of the world’s largest gold mines, Grasberg, operated by U.S.-based Freeport McMoRan, operates just outside the park’s northwest corner in the Maoke Mountains. Much of the area surrounding the mine has been designated as mining concessions, 19 of which overlap with Lorentz National Park.Planned roads and mining concessions in the Lorenz World Heritage Site. The roads are part of the Trans-Papuan Highway. Image courtesy of William Laurance.While many of these mining claims are still in the exploration phase, the researchers suspect the 211 kilometers (131 miles) of new road planned within the park will all but ensure development within the protected area proceeds, following a pattern seen repeatedly throughout the country.At the southeastern reaches of the highway, the proposed road corridors connect several areas of forest that have remained intact thanks to their inaccessibility. Where roads already exist nearby, deforestation has been accelerating, with large areas experiencing greater than 75 percent forest cover loss over the last 20 years.Much of the land at the road’s southern terminus comprises peat forest and probable peat swamp, large swaths of which were designated in 2010 as part of the Merauke Integrated Food and Energy Estate (MIFEE). That 12,000-square-kilometer (4,600-square-mile) mega project was established to increase Indonesia’s food and biofuel security, but has been criticized as an ill-considered land grab that ignores the rights of the indigenous people while running counter to Indonesia’s own commitments to not develop on peatland.The authors of the paper cite MIFEE as another instance where the central government has failed to consider the ecological nuance of an area, or the realities of the on-the-ground local priorities.Despite the nation’s 2013 legal recognition of the rights of indigenous people to their customary forests, competing claims to the land in Papua are far from settled. The researchers warn that rapid road development before resolving these issues will exacerbate political unrest, and possibly even undermine the economic reasons for building the highway.Road construction in the highlands of Papua. Image courtesy of William Laurance.“By cutting through the traditional lands of so many different indigenous groups, the roads will almost certainly provoke anger and anti-government sentiment — and that’s the last thing Indonesia needs,” said Mohammed Alamgir, a co-author of the study from the University of Bangladesh. “These top-down initiatives by central governments tend to do poorly because they don’t take into account local cultural sensitivities and ecological dynamics.”Failing to consider these cultural sensitivities is especially risky in a place like Papua, where anti-government and separatist sentiments have for decades routinely boiled over into public outrage and violence.The western half of the island of New Guinea was formerly a Dutch colony. The Dutch rejected the 1961 declaration of independence by the local people, a move repeated by Indonesia when that country annexed the province in 1963. In late 2017, a petition to the United Nations demanding a vote on independence was smuggled across the province gathering 1.8 million signatures, accounting for 70 percent of Papua’s population.Many Papuans still hold celebrations on Dec. 1, despite Indonesian laws prohibiting them. Some reports suggest the recent attacks on the road builders occurred after one of the workers photographed locals holding a flag-raising ceremony on the illicit holiday. The TPNBP is the armed wing of the Free Papua Organization (OPM), for decades the region’s main separatist group. The OPM says most of the construction workers killed were members of the Indonesian military, while official sources describe the dead as contract workers from the Indonesian island of Sulawesi.Potholes in Papuan roads caused by road construction in high-rainfall areas. Image courtesy of William Laurance.Editor’s note: William Laurance is a member of Mongabay’s advisory board.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don't deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called 'Mankind' has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of 'developing' their 'God-given' resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world's highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you're trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can't hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn't come into the picture.2.I don't see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored Biodiversity, Deforestation, Drivers Of Deforestation, Environment, Forests, Governance, Indigenous Peoples, Mining, Protected Areas, Rainforests, Roads Article published by Isabel Esterman
But while international support is expanding, WordPress isn’t immune to the problemsof operating in China – where WordPress is blocked.WordPress WidgetsOne of the more promising areas of growth in WordPress is widgets, or mini web appsthat WordPress users can plug into their blog. As of now there are 247 widgets. Around 15-20 of these are availablein the wordpress.com service. Toni told me that most widgets are created by externaldevelopers. Basically this involves developing a WordPress plugin and then widgetizing itin an HTML wrapper.SummaryIt’s pretty plain that Automattic is taking on SixApart with both the EnterpriseEdition and the continued growth and expansion of wordpress.com. Right now SixApart hasthe lead in marketing and probably resources, but WordPress is a strong innovator and hasan open source platform to attract developers. This little battle is far from over andit’ll be interesting to watch it unfold! Toni said there is a developer ecosystem around wordpress, which was donewithout putting commercialism around it – e.g. he notes that themes have links back tothe designers. He also told me there is a lot of innovation happening in the wordpressplatform in general – for example the plugins. The fact that WordPress.org is open sourceis also a factor in the growth of the product, said Toni.Of course you will hear a different story from SixApart, but my general impression isthat WordPress has the advantage in innovation – but TypePad is seen as a slicker andmore user-friendly product for the masses.International ExpansionOne of the more interesting aspects of wordpress.com is its international usage. Whileenglish is the number 1 language used, there are a multitude of other languages supported – and WordPressusers are encouraged to translate more.Spanish is the second most popular language currently – and indeed 4 of the top 10Wordpress.com blogs are Spanish. Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic... While I was in San Francisco I sat down to talk to Toni Schneider, CEO of Automattic Inc – the company set up to leverage thepopular open source blogging tool WordPress. Oneof their main projects is WordPress.com, described as “a more limited version ofWordPress that is hosted and completely maintained.” It’s pretty much the equivalent ofTypePad, the hosted blogging service offered by Automattic’s main competitorSixApart.KnowNow WordPress Enterprise EditionThe competition with SixApart was stepped up today when Toni announcedon his blog a partnership with enterprise RSS vendor KnowNow, for a new product called KnowNow WordPress Enterprise Edition(KWEE). It’s an enterprise version of WordPress and comes just a month after SixApartannounced Movable Type Enterprise 1.5, which we profiled onRead/WriteWeb. Toni told me that KWEE is an enterprise package of WordPress MU (themulti-user version of WordPress) – with additional enterprise functionality bundled in.So for example KWEE comes with LDAP, Automattic’s spam solution Akismet and a statspackage. KnowNow will market the product to their existing base of enterprise customers –and any improvements that KnowNow makes to the WordPress product itself, will be releasedback as open source.I asked Toni will it be a hosted service? He said it will be available as both ahosted service (by KnowNow) or customers can install it on their own servers.Stats about WordPress.comAs far as WordPress.com goes, Toni reeled off some impressive stats. It gets 18million unique visitors per month and 70 M page views. There are over 480,000 blogshosted on wordpress.com. He also said there are an estimated 1-2 million WordPressinstallations that are self-hosted. Toni told me the fact that wordpress.com is ad-freeis a big part of the reason why people use it.Comparison to TypepadI asked Toni how wordpress.com compares to Typepad. He said that Typepad has similartraffic to wp.com, although he says wp.com is about to pass Typepad (at least accordingto Alexa). Here is the latest Alexa chart: 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market richard macmanus A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai... Tags:#Publishing Services#web Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Related Posts
Surveillance at the Heart of Smart Cities The Ipswich City Council, located in one of Australia’s fastest growing regions, recently announced plans to move forward with a “smart city” agenda.Global consulting firm Accenture has been selected to manage this transformation and help implement plans. Blueprints will be developed to improve community engagement, examine city operations and grow digital technology.See Also: Smart cities require smart constructionCouncilor Paul Pisasale, mayor of Ipswich, stated that the initiative is an effort to create more jobs, establish a flourishing economy, utilize data to anticipate and help prevent problems and digitize city services to improve the overall functioning of the city as a whole.“We are a city which leads by example, embracing the positive impact of technology and digital trends for the benefit of our local businesses and community,” Pisasale said. “We really believe digital cities are better enabled by digital governments who are not afraid to adopt a more human-centered approach in order to better serve their citizens.”Ipswich leading the way in AustraliaAccenture was chosen for this project based on their vast global ‘Smart City’ experience, expert knowledge in the industry and analytical skills. Having worked with clients in over 120 countries, Accenture offers a vast array of services and solutions. The company focus for this current project will be to identify and develop new strategies to both maintain and improve the city, making it a safer, more connected and productive city to live in.Accenture’s Health & Public Service Leader for Australia and New Zealand, Catherine Garner, explained, “Rather than proposing a product driven, technology-centric solution, we have embedded our consulting and strategic approach around the vision and needs of the Ipswich community. Innovation is at the heart of a strong economy. When done well, it keeps a city competitive, cutting edge, creates jobs and maintains a high standard of living.”Australia is currently pushing to upgrade cities across the continent to employ the latest smart technologies.Ipswich is one of Australia’s most rapidly growing regions and it has developed a reputation for being a progressive and motivated city. This new ‘Smart City’ project may set the standard for other cities to follow suit. For Self-Driving Systems, Infrastructure and In... Amanda Razani Related Posts How Connected Communities Can Bolster Your Busi... How IoT Will Play an Important Role in Traffic ... Tags:#Accenture#Australia#Internet of Things#IoT#Ipswich#smart city
Top stories: Two new letters for the genetic code, stat checking psychology, and the formerly abominable snowman By Roni DenglerDec. 1, 2017 , 3:25 PM Scientists just added two functional letters to the genetic codeAll life forms on Earth use the same genetic alphabet of the bases A, T, C, and G—nitrogen-containing compounds that constitute the building blocks of DNA and spell out the instructions for making proteins. Now, scientists have developed the first bacterium to use extra letters, or unnatural bases, to build proteins. The traditional four DNA bases code for 20 amino acids, but the addition of new letters X and Y could produce up to 152 amino acids, which might become building blocks for new drugs and novel materials, the scientists say.China’s dark matter space probe detects tantalizing signalSign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D'IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People's Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People's Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)A long-standing challenge in physics has been finding evidence for dark matter, the stuff presumed to make up a substantial chunk of the mass of the universe. Its existence seems to be responsible for the structure of the universe and the formation and evolution of galaxies. But physicists have yet to observe this mysterious material. Results reported Wednesday by a China-led space science mission provide a tantalizing hint—but not firm evidence—for dark matter.Controversial software is proving surprisingly accurate at spotting errors in psychology papersWhen Dutch researchers developed an open-source algorithm named statcheck to flag statistical errors in psychology papers, it received mixed reactions from the research community—especially after the free tool found that tens of thousands of published papers contained statistical inconsistencies. Some scientists have called these studies a “form of harassment,” and others have questioned the accuracy of the tool itself. Now, a new study by statcheck’s developers—posted to a preprint server this week—suggests their algorithm gets it right in more than 95% of cases. Expect that result to be checked.Ancient flying reptiles cared for their young, fossil trove suggestsA spectacular fossil find is providing tantalizing new clues about the habits of pterosaurs, ancient flying reptiles that lived at the same times as dinosaurs. The cache of more than 200 fossil eggs found with bones of juvenile and adult animals in northwestern China suggests to some researchers that pterosaur parents may have cared for their newly hatched young. In a paper published Thursday in Science, researchers report that a 3-meter-square chunk of rock they excavated contains 16 eggs with the fossilized bones of developing embryos.So much for the abominable snowman. Study finds ‘yeti’ DNA belongs to bearsHikers in Tibet and the Himalayas need not fear the monstrous yeti—but they’d darn well better carry bear spray. Previous genetic analyses of a couple of “yeti” hair samples collected in India and Bhutan suggested that a stretch of their mitochondrial DNA resembled that of polar bears. That finding hinted that a previously unknown type of bear, possibly a hybrid between polar bears and brown bears, could be roaming the Himalayas. Now, DNA analyses of nine samples purported to be from the “abominable snowman” reveal that eight actually came from various species of bears native to the area. (Left to right): The Yeti, illustration from "Monsters and Mythic Beasts" 1975 (color litho), D'Achille, Gino (1935–2017)/Private Collection/Bridgeman Images; James Cavallini/Science Source; Chuang Zhou
Former cricketer Hemant Kanitkar was an Indian wicket-keeper and batsman who represented India in two international Tests in the home series against Clive Lloyds West Indies in 1974-75. The cricketer passed away on June 9, 2015.Here are some interesting things you should know about him:1. He was born on December 8, 1942 in Amravati, Maharashtra and his full name was Hemant Shamsunder Kanitkar.2. At the age of 21, Kanitkar made a splendid debut in national cricket. It was his first milestone in 1963 when he scored a splendid 151 not out against Saurashtra, which made him the second man to have scored a ton in his Ranji debut for Maharashtra.3. He has a record of 20 stump hits and 70 catches as a wicket-keeper.4. It was at the age of 30 that Kanitkar was selected to play internationally. He represented India in the home series test against Clive Lloyd's West Indies in 1974-75.5. In the two international Tests, Kanitkar played alongside Sir Viv Richards and Gordon Greenidge at Bangalore. He batted at No. 3 in the first innings in which he scored 65 runs. Opening in the second innings, he could score only 18.6. For his consistent performance on field, he was awarded Indian Cricketer of the Year in the year 1973.7. Not many know, Hrishikesh Kanitkar, Hemant's son is also a cricketer. He came recalled for his great performance against Pakistan in One-Day International at Dhaka in 1998. He remained not-out in that match.8. It can be said that sports runs in the blood of the Kanitkars. Hemant's second son, Aditya, played golf and is married to Radhika Tulpule, a former tennis player.advertisement9. Besides sports, Kanitkars have their own business as builders.10. He scored over 3,000 runs at an average of 42.78, hitting 13 centuries and 23 half-centuries.
Cricket is a great leveller they say! This phrase perfectly sums up the careers of two highly successful captains who have achieved almost everything there is to be achieved in international cricket. Former captains Mahendra Singh Dhoni and Alastair Cook have always been two sides of the same coin.Dhoni and Cook may be poles apart when it comes to their batting but their demeanour and cricketing knowledge is very much alike. Both led their respective teams to major success in international cricket for a long time, scored a lot of runs, were accused of being boring captains on the field, became superstars of the sport and then all of sudden, stepped down from captaincy without even dropping a hint or two.While Dhoni retired from Test cricket two years back and then was succeeded as captain by Virat Kohli in the limited-overs formats this year, Cook decided to resign from his post as Test captain on Monday but will continue to play as the opener in the longest format."It's been a huge honour to be England captain and to lead the Test team over the past five years."Stepping down has been an incredibly hard decision but I know this is the correct decision for me and at the right time for the team," the 32-year-old said.India and England both love their cricket. While the game was invented by the English, it is here in India where it is worshipped. So when two of the most iconic sportsman decided to take such a big call everyone was taken aback.advertisementCook led England to 24 Test victories but also oversaw 22 defeats during his tenure from 2010-2016. He is England's most prolific batsman with 11057 runs from 140 Tests at 46.45 with 30 hundreds to his name.There could still be no real argument about Cook, in his own quiet, undemonstrative fashion, having become one of the great achievers of modern English sport.With the minimum of fuss and maximum solidity at a time when he had to deal with plenty of turmoil within the team, Cook moulded himself into an impressive, respected leader while still managing to remain a towering batsman, England's all-time top scorer in Tests.Dhoni's journey has been quite similar to Cook. Under Dhoni, the Indian team scaled new heights and his achievements will remain etched forever in the annals of Indian cricket.Dhoni has won all three major ICC trophies - World Cup 2011, 2007 World T20 and Champions Trophy 2013 - and the Test championship mace to boast off during his nearly decade-long career as the Indian captain.The 35-year-old is now concentrating only on his batting and wicket-keeping in the limited-overs formats with his decision to step down from captaincy being a way to prolong his career in the sport.Interestingly, both players suffered similar fates as captain in the longest format. Ashes wins in 2013 and 2015 at home, Cook suffered jarring setbacks like the whitewash Ashes defeat in Australia in 2014 and the 4-0 loss to India over the winter last year that eventually persuaded him his time was up as captain.Dhoni's team on the other hand, got hammered 4-0 in England and Australia right after the World Cup triumph in 2011. Two big blows followed by flailing form with the bat may have prompted two stalwarts to let go of the burden of captaincy but there remains absolutely no doubt that world cricket still needs Cook and Dhoni for atleast another 2-3 years.